The term alcohol labels a whole group of substances. Ethyl alcohol, which is uses in beverages, is a substance called ethanol. This chemical compound is relatively spread in nature and is, for example, produced by bacteria and yeast funguses. This is why ethanol is naturally present in many groceries like bread, juices or fruit. To cause the known effects on the human body the quantity of alcohol is certainly way too low. Therefore, these natural processes are uses and controlled consciously during the production of alcoholic beverages.
Ethanol enters the bloodstream via the oral mucosa, the stomach and finally the small intestine and is then spread over the whole body.
Depending on how much ethanol is consumed this substance causes specific effects in the body, which are partly welcome, partly unwanted and partly unknown to many people. Popular is the interference with the metabolism in the brain, during which cells are attacked as well. Moreover, ethanol has an effect on the blood vessels. It irritates the mucous membranes and disturbs the water- and electrolyte balance. The liver is stressed by the decomposition and the decomposition products. Many more effects of alcohol consumption are suspected. The sum of the effects makes it necessary to label ethanol in large quantities as a toxic substance.
The substance itself is excreted in small quantities via sweat, urine and breath but the biggest part is transformed by the liver, into substances that are partially more toxic than the ethanol itself. Since the effects of every cure have their boundaries , we strictly advice responsible alcohol intake. The decomposition of the decomposition product – ethanal –is again inhibited by sugar, which is why sugar can support a hangover.
These explanations are supposed to give a little overview and do not raise a medical claim in any form. For more exact and validated facts about the topics we recommend to consult specialist medical literature.